Sunday, July 30, 2006

Fox News reported

50 women and children were killed in Lebanon by an Israeli attack. Inspite they were told that part of Lebanon was going to be bombed by both radio and leaflets.

Never mind hezbullah is aiming at the Israeli citizenry and don't care.

Israel is at war. Innocent people die in war, although I really have serious doubts there is such a thing as an innocent muslim, but that's another story. Every war that has occurred civilians have been killed.

Lebanon has to live with the consequences of not driving out hezbullah. Israel has to finish this war, otherwise they won't have a chance of a breather.

The two things that threaten the world the most is joining forces

Chavez has promised mutual support for Iran, as Iran's state radio has promised to reject the UN nuclear peace treaty.

The bottom line is we have to decide if we want to have a country that WILL use a nuke against us or our allies to have a nuke. Then we need to decide what we are going to do about the growing marxist movement in South America.

For those of you have never read marx, he basically called for the destruction of Christianity. Every incarnation of marxism from national socialists to China have done their level best to either limit or eradicate Christianity. Radical muslims will just shoot or blow up people that don't agree with them.

Saturday, July 29, 2006

It boggles the mind that with all the conflicts in the world...

Why is the main stream marxist media is worried about Israel protecting itself against monsters. How can Israel be the bad guy when they have been continually attacked from people that strap bombs on themselves to kill little children? How can Israel be evil when they aren't targeting civilians and are even telling the civilians to get out of x quadrant before they attack and the monsters aren't targeting the Israeli Defense Force?

Conservatives get accused of being racists but who is it standing for Israel with their fight against evil. It's not the marxists.

Friday, July 28, 2006

Just a Reminder



Chinese Police Sentence Four Protestant Christian Leaders to Labor Camps
Friday, July 28, 2006



SHANGHAI, China — Four leaders in China's underground Protestant church were sentenced to two-year terms in a labor camp, a church monitoring group said Friday.
The four were sentenced to "reeducation through labor" on Tuesday, nearly one month after they were detained at a police station in Langzhong, a city in the southwestern province of Sichuan, according to the U.S.-based
China Aid Association.
The association identified the four as Li Ming, Wang Yuan, Li Mingbo, and Jin Jirong, saying they were pastors and leaders in the
Chinese House Church Alliance, which groups nongovernment-sanctioned churches from across the country.
Countrywatch:China
It said they were seized while appealing to officers for the release of 14 congregants seized in a raid on a non-sanctioned church service that morning.
Chinese law permits police to pass sentences of up to three years in labor camps without trial, a system ostensibly intended to convert minor criminals into upstanding citizens.
Critics say the system is frequently used to silence religious, political and ethnic dissidents.

_China allows worship only in churches registered with the
Communist Party-controlled official church association, and has cracked down hard on unofficial groups.
Despite that, millions of Chinese still risk harassment and arrest by worshipping independently, often in private homes.
An officer who answered the phone at Langzhong police headquarters said he wasn't authorized to release any information and refused to give his

name.

Just a reminder that our brothers and sisters suffer under marxism.

Why can't the schools and the modern media...

There was a point in our countries history where the greatness of this country was talked about in the movie theaters, schools, and on TV.

EVEN the Looney Toons talked about who we are as a people during the thirties and forties.

Even in the dark days of our Civil War or the War for the Confederacy we were still drawn together by the concept of a sense of Duty, even if the duty was to their home state first.

It is almost like we have to feel guilty because our forefathers made some horrendous mistakes. Or that we should feel guilty for the concept that we don't like conformity or relying on someone else for our security. THE problem I have with how we are conducting the war on terror is the fact we are hamstringing ourselves because we want to look like "good people." We seam to forget we are, and that war is horrible thing and to protect ourselves from monsters we have to do horrendous things to keep them at bay. We might all be speaking German if we worried about civilian casualties the way we do now. Our enemy sure doesn't have that fear that they "have to fight nice."

Then if you go to the schools you don't get a history of who we are as a people. Yearly we get a report that children can't pick out the US from a map, well who's fault is that other than the teachers. When the Bible was removed from the schools in the sixties personal responiblity and self-reliance basically went out the window, other than in the dreaded Red States. While we have done some horrible things as a people we have done things for this world that makes the rest of world look lazy. The we are the first ones in when there is a natural disaster. We give what aid we can out of our own pockets to other nations. We bailed france and England twice. This doesn't even touch the technological advancements that are to numerous to name.

We have got to quit kicking our selves and be proud of who we are as a people.

Wednesday, July 26, 2006

If your in a war zone

Israel hit a building housing "UN peacekeepers" (or the modern day vikings depending on if they are in Africa or not).

While the UN is trying to claim it was on purpose, it the most ludicrous thing I've ever heard. But I guess that's what anti-Semitic would think if they want to put a dog in the fight. First off the UN has done nothing to stop Hezbollah from attacking Israel. Second, if that was the case that could bring the whole world in and be the end of Israel.

While it was it isn't good they are, or were in a war zone. People die in warzones. It is a fact of war. No matter how limited the scope people die.

I support this Country just about as much as my own

The Dakotaranger Definition of a 'Sustainable Ceasefire'

The total destruction of hezbollah, Syria, and Iran's President and mullahs. Anything else and there won't be peace or security for Israel or us.

Tuesday, July 25, 2006

State forced medical treatment

There is this kid that has cancer, and he's refusing to go back to chemotherapy. But there is a judge that knows better than this kid and his family so he ordered that the kid be forced to take chemotherapy. While the judge has recended the order, according to Drudge.

His family and him want to continue an alternative cure. Personally, I wouldn't go for either. Where most people hate lawyers, my disgust is saved for doctors. I have dated a few nurses and we discussed "medical ethics." It turns out there is no such thing. Also, you have to factor in the suffering that a person goes through with chemotherapy, if it doesn't work I would try something else.

But the fact that the judge thinks that he knows better than the parents and what the kid wants is really stestemic of a bigger problem where the judiciary of this country is trying to set itself up as a oligarchy.

I hope this kid recovers fully.

What the Author of the Constitution believed about "Separation of Church and state"

"It is impossible for the man of pious reflection not to perceive
in it [the Constitution] a finger of that Almighty hand which
has been so frequently and signally extended to our relief in
the critical stages of the revolution."

-- James Madison (Federalist No. 37, 11 January 1788)

Reference: Madison, Federalist No. 37 (230-31)

Friday, July 21, 2006

Saturday is the National Day of the Cowboy




The National Day of the Cowboy started a couple of years ago as to honor a part of our heritage that includes the producers, rodeo, and those who settled this land.

The cowpoke of the 19th century 1 in 3 were white. That means there were cowboys of Mexican decent, African-Americans, and a few Indians. A ranch was a melting pot.

While a cowpoke from the old days were low paid, worked hard, and lived with a constant threat of death from stampedes, floods, rustlers, bandits, snakebites. The all lived with a code that no matter how historians want to degrade it can really be seen in western where the cowboy was the good guy.

I have said before that rodeos and westerns really represent the best of who we are as a people. While there were travisties that occurred there comes a point that you just accept them and remember the intestinal fortitude the cowboys and the settlers had to settle this land.

What a cowboy is-is honest, we don't back down from a fight that needs to be fought, we look out for our animals, and we love a big steak.

So Saturday watch a western, go to a rodeo, and eat a steak. Remember the cowboys represent the best of who we are as Americans.

This HAS TO violate Roe V. Wade

Washington state is going to start going door to door to check people cardiovascular health.

Let me get this strait, the government is telling people that they can't be fat or eat what they want. Where are the liberals? You know the ones that say keep the government out of our bedrooms. I say keep the government out of my kitchen!! I have the right to eat unhealthy if some woman wants to slaughter an unborn kid according to the 14th Amendment's provision for equal protection of the law I have the right to privacy and the right to choose.

Where are the privacy experts that were complaining about the NSA phone captures of the monsters that want to kill us? Why are they silent?

I suppose I won't get a liberal to be honest about these questions because to be honest they have to be consistent and that is an impossibility with their beliefs or the lack there of.

Thursday, July 20, 2006

As I have to much time at work


-Click Title.

A while back I was on a website where a guy was asking a legitimate firearm question and a vegan commie tried to cast aspersions on the guy. Well I tracked down some of her questions one of which was "why do meat eaters post on Vegan questions?" essentially she was doing what she was complaining about an omnivore answering her question.

Since she wanted a fight I gave it to her. I started off with according to our Founding document we have the right to life, bad guys don't care about that right and have the propensity to try and take that right from people. I told her that it was her right to be a victim but not to deny our constitutional rights to carry protection from wild animals and monsters. I hit her with the idea that Roe guarantees the right to choose and that gun registries violate our right to privacy that is guaranteed by Roe v. Wade.

Then I told her I read her question posing why meateaters post on vegan questions. I told her I didn't have an answer for her but that she had succeeded at doing exactly what she was complaining about.

Then the thing that really torqued her off was the concept that approached reminding her that evolutionists tell us that man is nothing more than an animal and since vegans don't try to stop a wolf from taking a deer they are being inconsistent, since man is just an animal we have to eat to and there are those of us who are acting concert with nature to control the population of certain animals. Again I reminded her that she could eat flowers but that she had no right to violate my privacy or my right to choose to eat venison.

She had no comeback. The article forgets that we are told evolution is fact, if that is the case then man is apart of nature and must be able to take the meat we need to survive. Man is the top of the food chain, it's not our fault that deer aren't "evolved" enough to handle firearms, but at the same time wolves destroy people's livelihood. And some tree hugger that has never had to sit up riding herd over the livestock to keep their families future alive, these city-slickers that raise a ruckus over ATM fees, and the cost of food try to deny the right for the rancher to protect their income, to provide for their family.

But that's what you get with public education.

See, mom I told you vegetables were bad for me

The Washington Post reports that a man assaulted his wife with a carrot.

This begs a few questions:

  1. Why doesn't DC have a five day waiting period before buying carrots.
  2. Our founding father's never thought about assault vegetables when they wrote the constitution. They need to be banned.
  3. Now when a person asks if it's "a banana or are you happy to see me are you going to worry it is a banana?"
  4. Having your groceries in a grocery bag does that constitute a concealed weapon.
  5. I don't feel safe if people have vegetables in their homes. We need to have a vegetable registry.

Wednesday, July 19, 2006

If you are in a war zone, be an adult

Those pansies that were begging to get out of Lebenon have the audacity to complain that the ship they were on wasn't comfortable.

We have to pay the bill for those who are residing in a Muslim nation that houses terrorism during war. It's the kinda thing that make me beat my head against the wall.

Tuesday, July 18, 2006

125th Anniversary of Sitting Bull's surrender

I couldn't come up with a better article than the press release that the state put out for the remembrance of Sitting Bull surrendering at Fort Berthold, outside of Williston, North Dakota

PROGRAM, SITTING BULL’S DECISION: 125 YEARS LATER,
TO BE HELD AT MISSOURI-YELLOWSTONE CONFLUENCE CENTER JULY 20

WILLISTON – A program observing the 125th anniversary of the surrender of Lakota Sioux chieftain Sitting Bull will take place this Thursday, July 20 at the Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence Interpretive Center. Located 21 miles southwest of Williston, the Confluence Center is part of the Fort Buford State Historic Site, also managed by the State Historical Society of North Dakota (SHSND).

Fort Buford was where Sitting Bull ended his exile in Canada and surrendered his rifle to Major David H. Brotherton on July 20, 1881.
The program, Sitting Bull’s Decision: 125 Years Later, will begin at 7 p.m. at the Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence Interpretive Center, located one-half mile east of Fort Buford. Refreshments will be available following the program.

The program will begin at 7 p.m. with music by Lakota Thunder, a drum group based on the Standing Rock Reservation in North Dakota and South Dakota, followed by a presentation, "Sitting Bull: The Return and Aftermath," by SHSND Historian Greg Camp and SHSND Curator of Collections Mark Halvorson.
The lead members of Lakota Thunder, Courtney Yellow Fat and Dana Yellow Fat, are brothers who teach culture and language at Standing Rock Community High School and have been singing pow wow and ceremonial songs since they were young boys. They also host their own radio program on KLND in Little Eagle, South Dakota. Lakota Thunder released their first album, Veterans Songs, in July 2000 and received a Grammy nomination and a Nammy award for the album. The recording honors all American Indian warriors who have protected their lands, from the past to the present. Their second album, Way of Life, received a Nammy award as well, a collection of songs spanning the generations.

Camp’s and Halvorson’s presentation will begin after a flag song performed by Lakota Thunder. It will include a brief overview of the return of Sitting Bull and his family to the United States, their sojourn at Fort Randall, and finally their return to Standing Rock. A brief review of the problems of provenance with alleged Sitting Bull-related objects will also be discussed.
Following their presentation, Lakota Thunder will perform two additional songs, one of them memorializing Sitting Bull.

The years between the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the return of Sitting Bull to the United States saw great changes in American Indian policy. The reservation era, which had been proposed but only loosely enforced after the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, became the backbone of policy makers in Washington, D.C. by the 1870s. The Indian Reform Movement, which was behind the Peace Policy that evolved in the 1860s and 1870s, became more rigidly enforced in the wake of the Custer disaster in 1876 that nearly wiped out the U.S. Seventh Cavalry in what was then Montana Territory. Reform conferences at places like Lake Mohonk in New York saw the formation of plans that called for native peoples to be restricted to defined reservations where the triad of Christianity, farming, and education would act as "civilizing" agents for the populations there.

Based on the allotment of land in severalty, the new policy that would emerge would enforce the assimilation of Indians into white culture while at the same time destroying tribalism. When Sitting Bull returned from Canada, he entered a vastly different world than the one he had left less than a decade earlier. In that short period of time, the new life was replacing the old and in its wake littered the landscape with the remains of a way of life that would never again return.

Sitting Bull was born on the Grand River, in present day South Dakota, in the early 1830s. As a boy of 10, he was already a hunter of proven ability. When only 14, he accompanied his father in a war party against the Crow Indians and earned his first war honor by touching the body of a fallen enemy. As he grew older, Sitting Bull’s many deeds of valor enhanced his reputation, and he rapidly acquired influence in his band. He took an active part in the Plains Wars of the 1860s, and first became widely known to the whites in 1866, when he led a raid against the newly established post of Fort Buford. Sitting Bull’s camp in the buffalo country around the Powder and Yellowstone rivers became a rallying point for the Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho who refused to accept life on the reservation.

This refusal led the U.S. Army to begin a campaign against Sitting Bull and his followers. Together with Lakota Sioux chieftain Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull forged the coalition that checkmated Brigadier General George Crook in the Battle of the Rosebud on June 17, 1876, and then annihilated Lieutenant Colonel George Custer and five companies of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn eight days later.

On July 20, 1881, Sitting Bull and 186 of his followers surrendered at Fort Buford, Dakota Territory, ending an exile in Canada that had begun nearly five years earlier. After giving up their horses and weapons, Sitting Bull and his followers were taken to Fort Randall near present-day Pickstown, S.D., where they were held as military prisoners until they could return to the Standing Rock Indian Reservation without disrupting affairs at that agency.
At Fort Randall, Sitting Bull was treated with respect by the Army and by Indian leaders who came to seek his counsel. He and his people made many friends among the whites living at the post. Because of his association with the defeat of the Seventh Cavalry at the Little Bighorn, his mail, especially requests for his autograph, were voluminous.

On May 10, 1883, Sitting Bull and 187 of his followers were put aboard the steamboat, W.J. Behen, and sent home to the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.

Before this, Sitting Bull had not experienced reservation life. He expected to be treated with dignity, but Standing Rock Indian agent James McLaughlin quickly disillusioned him. Sitting Bull was told that he would be treated in the same manner as the other Indians at the agency, and was instructed to plow a field and plant a crop.

In October 1883, Sitting Bull joined former President Ulysses S. Grant and others in commemorating the laying of the cornerstone of the new Territorial Capitol in Bismarck. He marched in the parade, addressed the crowd, shook hands and signed autographs.

In 1885, he appeared for a season with "Buffalo Bill" Cody’s Wild West Show. When the Ghost Dance Movement erupted among the heartsick Sioux in 1889-90, he became a supporter. The Ghost Dance was a religious ceremony that promised the return of traditional life ways, the return of the buffalo, and removal of white interference from Indian affairs. In 1890, agent James McLaughlin recommended that Sitting Bull be arrested, calling him a "malcontent." Sitting Bull informed McLaughlin that with or without his permission, he would leave the Standing Rock Agency to join the Ghost Dancers at Pine Ridge, S.D.

On the morning of December 15, 1890, a detail of 43 regular and special Indian police rode into Sitting Bull’s camp and arrested him. As the police led Sitting Bull from his cabin, a group of his supporters gathered and shots were fired. In the ensuing chaos, Sitting Bull and seven followers were killed, including his favorite son, 14-year-old Crow Foot, who had surrendered his father’s Winchester carbine to Major David H. Brotherton at Fort Buford nine years earlier.

Fort Buford was established as a one-company military post in 1866 to guard the trails west and serve as a major supply depot. At its peak during the Indian Wars of the late 1870s and early 1880s, it grew to a six-company post that occupied a 30-mile-square area. When the fort was decommissioned in 1895, it included more than 100 buildings and structures. Today, in addition to the Field Officer’s Quarters where Sitting Bull surrendered in 1881, only two other original buildings remain – the Officer-of-the-Day Building and the stone powder magazine. A nearby fort cemetery also still exists. During its 29-year history, Fort Buford was expanded twice – in 1867, using materials taken from the old Fort Union Trading Post site two miles west, and again in 1871.

The state acquired the Fort Buford property as a state historic site on June 22, 1931. Today, the site encompasses approximately 189 acres, including Confluence Park, where the Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence Interpretive Center is located.

For more information, call the Fort Buford State Historic Site at (701) 572-9034 or visit the State Historical Society of North Dakota’s web site at www.nd.gov/hist.
– 30 –

Friday, July 14, 2006

Thanks

This is a long video (12 minutes) but it's a great tribute to those who served and are serving and those who are waiting for their loved ons

Israel Has every Right to protect themselves

I despise marxists with every bit of my being. Every news outlet is calling for Israel to stop this war. Twenty years of capitulation demands of Israel has gotten them to a point where they have to FIGHT!!!!

Israel gave up land for peace, what did they get suicide bombers. Palestinians voting for the terrorist organization that has pushed targeting innocent women and children. The UN had been silent. The US talked Israel to do what we demanded of the Lakota and the Apache do for peace give up land. It didn't work for the Nations here and it won't work with monsters that would rather kill themselves to kill thirty infidels.

The bottom line is Israel has to finish this, take out Syria and may be Egypt. Then after we take out Iran we have a lot more monsters that will need to be killed, because if we don't we might have some guy praying in Arabic in the mall here and I don't want to have to double tap two .45 rounds into his head so he can't hit a detonator. If we run it could happen if you see what happened in the countries in Europe that capitulated to the radical muslim this last November.

Founder's Daily Quote

"Those gentlemen, who will be elected senators, will fix themselvesin the federal town, and become citizens of that town more thanof your state."-- George Mason (speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention,14 June 1788)Reference: The Debates of the Several State..., Elliot, vol. 3(405)

Thursday, July 13, 2006

Family Reunions

Great-Aunt Stella as I took a picture of her with my cellphone.


I hate to admit it but I'm not that close to mom's side of the family. I love her brothers (well one of them died about a year ago), but her sisters can be, well a bit much. I love them, but being bullheaded thanks to both parents (making it twice as bad), I don't take to being bossed around to well. Every time I go out there it's the same thing, BUT this time there were some signs that the pet peeve that I have is changing in the family so... I guess I have to quit being so childish.

I did get a chance to get to know one of my Aunts better, which was a good thing. I did spend quite abit of time with a couple of Uncles. Mom's husband and My Uncle Bill had way to much fun. The Land of Sheep may never be the same.

I guess my recognized I was really missing the connections to this half of the family and needed the historical perspective so she took me to see my Great-Grandma's school, and the tree she watered as a little girl that was growing in a rock. It was amazing to see a one ton rock split by a tree. Guess that the actions of one person can have a huge impact in the world.

As far as the reunion goes, I guess, part of my problem is really my problem. When I'm around people I really don't know when it's over 20 and under 10,000 I'm a little uncomfortable. It was easier to go watch baseball with my Uncle Dale, who was hiding from the herd to so...I don't feel to bad. I did have fun. My mom's dad (grandpa for those in California) was infamous for leaving his family behind if they weren't ready to go. So Sunday when mom was talking to the Pastor. I went up to her and said "you know if Grandpa was here he would say we're ready and if you weren't you'd walk home." I think she got a kick out of it, because I know that her husband would have waited until the bears came down to eat.

The one thing I wanted to do was go to Gressy Grass. I still believe most of what I wrote about Custer, But I'm still in the process of refining my theories about the Battle. And no the Gatling guns wouldn't have saved his bacon

It was a good trip. It was good to get some of the connections that I've been longing for since dad was killed. It was good to be with mom also.

My Beloved Sister


My Beloved Sister has gotten into the Blogging craze. You can read about her exploits at dakotangirl. I have also created a link to her page.

Wednesday, July 05, 2006

The Supreme Court and Burning the American Flag, soccer, and whatever else

A couple of years ago the Supreme Court decided that burning Our Flag was protected speech. I can half way buy it. But in several counties here in North Dakota have a burn ban and we can't shoot firecrackers because of the "Fire Danger." So being an American, I improvised and actually used my Second Amendment right to celebrate our Independence from tyranny.

So after I came home from breaking clay pigeons( which if you hit correctly they kinda look like a star burst firework, but that's another story) I turned on ESPN and what were they showing that sissy sport soccer. If they are going to show sports on the Fourth of July it should be baseball or the MOST American Sport- Rodeo.

I was so offended I wanted to burn a FIFA or an ESPN in protest, but because of the burn ban I was prohibited. My free speech was infringed if we can't burning a FIFA flag because we don't like what they stand for what does that say about us as a people, I may try to contact the ACLU.

I wonder what the commies in this country would do if I did burn FIFA flag? I remember in the 1990's they were complaining that American's weren't like the rest of the world because we don't like that sport, and we are odd because we won't conform to their narrow minded way of thinking. It would be an interesting experiment.

OK so I'm being facecious about burning FIFA flag.

Tuesday, July 04, 2006

America's 1st Quagmire.

The History Channel has been running a miniseris on the American Revolution. It has been a good reminder of how fought this nations freedom is. From the very beginning of Iraq the commies have been calling Iraq a quagmire. Which is weird because all the wars we have been in we have been a whiskers width from loosing.

The 1st quagmire we had a hard time uniting the colonies into a continental force. The first year Washington was continually pushed back.
With most of the Army's enlistment running out of the end of 1776 Washington took his force across the Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey and captured a bunch of Hessians.

There were numerous time through out the war that we almost lost the country including when Arnold sold West Point to the British.

But thanks to the French hating the British helping us to the point where we captured General Cornwallis.

With as many times we have had our backs against the wall, no matter how many falter, there is always those who see the necessity to stand in the gap for our safety. They do things that need to be done, see things that no one ever should see to secure our future as a people. They won't fail us, let's not fail them.

Sunday, July 02, 2006

The Fourth and our Founding document

Just as a Reminder of who we are as a people as we celebrate the freedoms of that our founders and every soldier has fought to defend. It is only fitting that we Re-read the Declaration of Independence.

On the Fourth, Eat steaks, shoot fireworks (or firearms if you are under a fire watch), and go to the most American of Sports-Rodeo.




IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776 The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America
hen in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred. to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
— John Hancock
New Hampshire:Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
Massachusetts:John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery
Connecticut:Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott
New York:William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
New Jersey:Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
Pennsylvania:Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross
Delaware:Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean
Maryland:Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton
North Carolina:William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
South Carolina:Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton
Georgia:Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton